Travel Guide to Jammu & Kashmir: Tourist spots, road maps, hotels & climate

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Travel India Guide provides detailed information on Jammu & kashmir. "Who has not heard of the Vale of Cashmere?" the Poet asks. And rheotoric the question is. For this land of swift-flowing, sparkling rivers and placid lakes, beflowered gardens laid out by connoisseurs of all things beautiful, temperate forests of shade and cool, valleys of emerald green, and towering snow-clad mountains is indeed "the brightest that earth ever gave". Here, too, the hunter and the angler, the skiier and the hiker will find all the sport they want. But sport and beauty alone do not make this paradise.
Temples and mosques, monasteries and caves, all sacred to many faiths - they too lend serenity to a valley truly blessed by the Gods.

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Tourist Places to visit in Jammu and Kashmir
Pilgrim Places
To the west of the city is the much lower hill of Hari Parbat, which is surrounded by a fort. On this hill is the temple of Sharika Devi, believed to be a form of Durga Mata or Shakti. 25 kms from Srinagar, past Ganderbal, is the most important pilgrim place in Kashmir, the only exception being Amarnath cave. This is the temple monument and spring of Tulla Mulla, the local name of the Goddess Raginia, believed to be another form of Durga Mata.

Flora & Fauna
The State is rich in flora and fauna. In Jammu, the flora ranges from the thorn bush type of the arid plain to the temperate and alpine flora of the higher altitudes. Of the broad leaf trees there are maple, horse chest nuts, silver fir etc. At the higher altitudes there are birch, rhododendron, Berbers and a large number of herbal plants.
dal jheel  himalayas  kashmir
Wildlife
Located very close to Srinagar (22km), Dachigam National park with its splendid forests and magnificent scenery is easily accessible.
Handicrafts
A Carpet is a life long investment-it may well be the single most expensive purchase during your trip to Kashmir. Kashmiri carpets are world renowned for two things- they are hand made and they are always knotted, never tufted. Pashmina shawls are also very famous products from the region.
handicraft  jammu & kashmir  J&K  Ladakh  embroidery
Festivals
Makar Sankranti - It heralds the onset of spring. The whole of Jammu region wears a festive look on this day. Thousands take a dip in the holy rivers. 'Havan Yagnas' light up nearly every house and temple in Jammu. In the rural areas, custom requires boys to go around asking for gifts from newly-weds and new parents. A special dance called the 'Chajja' dance is held on the occasion of Lohri. It makes a striking picture to see boys along with their 'Chajjas' elaborately decorated with coloured paper and flowers move on the street in a dancing procession.
History of Jammu & Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir came into being as a single political and geographical entity following the Treaty of Amristar between the British Government and Gulab Singh signed on March 16, 1846. The Treaty handed over the control of the Kashmir State to the Dogra ruler of Jammu who had earlier annexed Ladakh. Thus a new State comprising three distinct religions of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh was formed with Maharaja Gulab Singh as its founder ruler.

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