The Eastern States of India
East India, or Eastern India, is a region of India consisting of the states of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Orissa. The bulk of the region lies on the east coast of India by the Bay of Bengal, and on the Indo-Gangetic plain. Jharkhand, on the Chota Nagpur plateau, is a hilly and a heavily forested state rich in mineral wealth.
The region lies in the humid-subtropical zone, and experiences hot summers from March to June, the monsoon from July to October and mild winters from November to February. The interior states have a drier climate and slightly more extreme climate, especially during the winters and summers, but the whole region receives heavy, sustained rainfall during the monsoon months.
The majority of the population of East India is Hindu with Muslim, Christian, Buddhist and Sikh minorities. Durga and Jagannath are particularly popular Hindu deities in this region. Puri is the eastern center for pilgrimage in Hinduism, and Bhubaneswar is considered to be the city of temples.
West Bengal's capital Kolkata, the capital of British India till 1911, is the biggest metropolis and economically dominant city of the region. However, the mid-sized cities of Cuttack and Puri in Orissa, and Bihar's capital Patna, were historically more prominent in the ancient and medieval periods. In the 21st century, India's economic boom is resulting in the growth and development of towns such as Patna, Bhubaneshwar, Ranchi, Jamshedpur, Siliguri and Asansol.
Click on the following links to get detailed guide and travel related information for the four main states of Eastern India.
States of East India :
Weather in Eastern states of India :
Road maps and distance calculator :