Symptoms of Drug Withdrawal
Drug addiction is an issue which is on an increase throughout the world. It has many negative consequences which lead to devastating physical and psychological effects. Slowly and gradually it affects the whole system, making it difficult for the person to free himself from the clutches of drug abuse. As people have become much aware about the life threatening effects of drug abuse, they make an effort to be free from addiction and also help those who are suffering from similar problems.
The first step in curing this illness is completely stopping the intake of drugs. But your body being accustomed to the effects of drugs will find it very difficult when the supply of drugs is suddenly stopped. You may suffer some physical and psychological problems which are called the drug withdrawal symptoms.
Withdrawal symptoms can be seen among those drugs which affect the central nervous system like tranquilizers, painkillers with narcotics, amphetamines and other stimulants, nicotine and other anti-depression drugs. The body will take time to re-adjust to the life without drugs and so these withdrawal symptoms come to the fore. Withdrawal symptoms can affect both men and women of any age. Drug withdrawal depends on the type of drug, quantity used and the length of time it was used.
It is very important that the patient suffering from the drug withdrawal is supervised under an experienced physician. The patient will be going through a lot of physical and psychological pain during this phase and it is necessary that the help of a doctor is available all the time. The brain has been trained to enjoy the effects of drug and so the person may suffer from drug craving and go into a relapse. This is another reason for the withdrawal to take place in a rehabilitation center under an expert eye. The patient will have no access to drugs and other substances and they will be in a safe and secure environment.
The list of withdrawal symptoms is very extensive as each person reacts in a different manner when drug taking is stopped. The most common symptoms can be classified into two types – the emotional and the physical. Emotional symptoms include anxiety, nervousness, irritability, insomnia, lack of concentration, depression, social isolation, mood swings and suicidal thoughts. The physical effects are sweating, racing heart, palpitations, muscle tension, tightness in the chest, breathing problems, tremor, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea and headaches.
Sometimes these withdrawals may reach dangerous levels like grand mal seizures, heart attacks, strokes and hallucinations.
All these withdrawal symptoms may last between three to five days and in some serious cases, it may last for one or two weeks.
The withdrawals have two stages. The acute stage which lasts for around a week, and the Post Acute Withdrawal Symptom that has more psychological and emotional effects than physical.
If you have a strong will power there is nothing to worry. The progress may be slow but it is sure. It may take two years to get rid of this bad habit but be patient. Coming out of it is not as easy as getting into it. The post acute symptoms are a sign of recovery, so consider it as the beginning of a new life. Be nice to yourself and follow the steps of treatment truthfully. And remember there are people who love you, need you and are waiting for you at the other end.