Supreme Court removed all speculations about the date of Ayodhya verdict on Tuesday by dismissing the plea to defer the judgement on the Ram janama bhoomi-Babri Masjid case. The verdict will now come on September 30th.
The verdict on Ram janama bhoomi-Babri Masjid case was earlier supposed to come on Aug 24th but a plea was filed in the Supreme Court requesting for deferment of the judgement. However, Supreme Court noticed that no real reason was provided to delay the Ayodhya verdict any further, as no parties involved in the matter were willing to discuss a out-of-court settlement.
The Ayodhya Legacy
The Ayodhya case has been going on and on and on for the past several decades. In fact, the first ever case was filed way back in 1885.
On 19th January, 1885 which wanted a right to chabootra (raised platform) at the disputed location in Ayodhya. The verdict to this case came fairly quickly on Feb 24th 1885 itself, which declined the right. Nothing more was heard on the case until 1934, when a communal fight occurred in a near by village over the issue of cow slaughter. The communal flare led to some attacks by a mob on the Babri Masjid, damaging one of its three domes.
On December 22, 1949 an idol of Lord Ram was placed in the mosque and hundreds of Hindu devotees started coming to the site. The then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru asked the Uttar Pradesh chief minister Gobind Ballabh Pant to get the idol removed, however no one dared to do it. But, the gates were closed for worshipping.
On January 16, 1950, a local resident Gopal Singh Visharad filed a case in the Faizabad Civil Court seeking permission for offering prayers at the disputed area. This is when the ownership of land issues started cropping up. The then District Magistrate J N Ugra was of the opinion that the land has been used by Muslims for a long time and no real proofs of it being used as a temple were available. Quite naturally, Hindu organizations refuted the claim and Nirmohi Akhara staked the claim for ownership of the land. In 1951, five Muslims from Ayodhya led by Mohammad Hashim filed a case for removal of idol of Lord Ram and restoration of property to the Muslims.
1n 1983, the Vishwa Hindu Parishad took the cause of the temple in a BIG way, making it almost a nation wide movement.
On Feb 1, 1986 the District Judge of Faizabad ordered the opening of gates. He was of the opinion that letting the Hindu devotees see the idle and offer their prayers won’t affect the Muslims. However, the opening of gates was marred by subsequent clashes between Hindus and Muslims. The Sunni Waqf Board and the Babri Masjid Action Committee moves the Allahabad High Court to appeal against the district judge’s order. The case was subsequently moved to Lucknow bench.
1989: Bharatiya Janata Party came up with the shilanyas near the disputed area and in 1990, the then UP Chief Minister Mulayam Singh yadav ordered firing on the Hindu Kar sevaks. L. K. Advani, BJP leader, took out a rath yatra in 1990 to garner support for the construction of the temple at Ayodhya. The political scenario changed overnight and BJP was brought to power in 1991, led by Kalyan Singh. Kalyan ordered acquisition of 2.75 acres of land around the mosque against which Babri Masjid Action Committee convener Zafaryab Jilani opposed through a writ petition. Delhi-based Aslam Bhure filed a case in the Supreme Court against the land acquisition.
December 6, 1992, Hindu Kar sevaks and other devotees stormed the Mosque and led to its demolition. The security forces and entire country watched silently. Later entire country burned with the Hindu-Muslim riots. Kalyan Singh’s Govt was dismissed by the Central Govt of Congress within hours of the demolition. A few days later the Central Govt procured 67 acres of land around the disputed structure. The M S Liberhan Commision was set up to probe the demolition and after 17 years and 48 extensions it finally submitted the report on June 30, 2009. The commission indicated that top BJP leaders were involved in the planning to incite the mob to bring down the mosque.
What is the Ayodhya Verdict about?
The Ayodhya verdict which will now come out on Sep 30th seeks to determine if a Hindu temple had existed on the disputed site prior to the construction of the Babri Masjid or the mosque was built on the debris of a temple.
But why is the disputed area at Ayodhya of such big importance?
Basically Ayodhya is said to be the birth place of Hindu God Lord Ram. Quite naturally, the temple there is a huge thing for the Hindus spread world wide and not just in India. The fact that the Mosque was constructed only in the 16th century by the first Mughal emperor Babur’s army commander Mir Baqi, leads many Hindus to believe that a temple existed there before.
Now, if the judgement is delivered in favour of the Muslims, a nation wide uprising is expected by the Hindu organizations. But on the same stage, Muslims claim that they have the right to mosque for over 400 years now and so if the decision goes in favour of the Hindus, Muslim organizations will also surely create an uproar.
This is the reason why the judgement has been getting delayed for all these decades. Whatever the judgement be, an uproar is certain and the Govt is deploying huge forces all around to make sure that no communal clashes take place. The only thing looking positive here is that country has moved on from the 1990′s days when the temple-masjid issue was at its peak. Hopefully, the verdict will be taken by all in its correct sense and no communal clashes will occur.
It is also almost certain that whatever the Ayodhya verdict be, the decision will be challenged in the Supreme Court by one party or the other.