Travel India Guide: The National Flag

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National Symbols of India: The National Flag

The National Flag of India was adopted in its present form during an ad hoc meeting of the Constituent Assembly held on the 22 July 1947, twenty-four days before India's independence from the British on 15 August 1947. It has served as the national flag of the Dominion of India between 15 August 1947 and 26 January 1950 and that of the Republic of India thereafter. In India, the term "tricolour" [Tirangā (in Hindi)] almost always refers to the Indian national flag.

The colours are saffron, white and green. The flag's saffron color symbolizes courage and sacrifice, white stands for peace and truth, and green is for faith and chivalry, and blue represents the color of the sky and the ocean. The central motif is a Chakra, or Buddhist spinning wheel. The 24 spokes of the wheel correspond with the 24 hours of the day, implying that there is life in movement and death in stagnation.The flag is a horizontal tricolour of "deep saffron" at the top, white in the middle, and green at the bottom. In the centre, there is a navy blue wheel with twenty-four spokes, known as the Ashoka Chakra, taken from the Lion Capital of Asoka erected atop Ashoka pillar at Sarnath. The diameter of this Chakra is three-fourths of the height of the white strip. Each spoke depicts one hour of the day, portraying the prevalence of righteousness all 24 hours of it. The ratio of the width of the flag to its length is 2:3

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